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Warsaw

Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa [varˈʂava] ( listen); also known by other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland. It is located on the Vistula River roughly 370 kilometers (230 mi) from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its population as of 2007 was estimated at 1,706,624, with a metropolitan area of approximately 3,350,000.[1] The city area is 516.9 square kilometers (199.6 sq mi), with an agglomeration of 6,100.43 square kilometers (2,355.4 sq mi) (Warsaw Metro Area — Obszar Metropolitalny Warszawy).[2] Warsaw is the 8th largest city in the European Union.

Warsaw gave its name to the Warsaw Pact, Warsaw Convention, Treaty of Warsaw and the Warsaw Uprising.

An older spelling of Warsaw in Polish is Warszewa or Warszowa, meaning "owned by Warsz".[3] Folk etymology attributes the city name to a fisherman Wars and his wife Sawa.[4] Actually, Warsz was a nobleman (12th/13th century) who owned a village located at the site of today's Mariensztat neighbourhood.[5]

The official city name in full is The Capital City of Warsaw (Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa).[6] Warsaw has been known in Latin as Varsovia. A native or resident of Warsaw is called Varsovian. See wiktionary:Warsaw for the name in other languages.


The article above is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Warsaw".