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Lyon

Lyon, also known as Lyons in English, is a city in east-central France. Its name is pronounced [ljɔ̃] in French and /liˈɒn/ or /laiənz/ in English. Lyon is the third-largest French city, the first being Paris and the second Marseille. It is a major centre of business, situated between Paris and Marseille, and has a reputation as the French capital of gastronomy and having a significant role in the history of cinema. The local professional soccer team, Olympique Lyonnais, has increased the profile of Lyon internationally through participation in European championships.

Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris, with a population estimated to be 1,783,400 in 2007. Its "urban region" (Région Urbaine de Lyon), represents half of the Rhône-Alpes région population with 3.0 million inhabitants[1]. Lyon is also a major industrial center specialized in chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. There is also a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games.

Lyon is the préfecture (capital) of the Rhône département, and also the capital of the Rhône-Alpes région. The city is known for its historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Lyon was historically known as the silk capital of the world and is a centre for fashion. It is also hosts the international headquarters of Interpol and Euronews.


The article above is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lyon".