guide to Brussels books

Traveling to Brussels? Learn what to see and how to get around from these books (books on other cities):

More Brussels books


Brussels (French: Bruxelles, pronounced [bʁysɛl]; Dutch: Brussel, pronounced [ˈbrɵsəɫ]), officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is the de facto capital city of the European Union (EU) and the largest urban area in Belgium.[4][5] It should not be confused with the much smaller City of Brussels (founded circa 580) within it, which is the capital of Belgium (and Flanders) by law.[6]

Brussels has grown from a 10th-century fortress town founded by Charlemagne's grandson into a metropolis of more than one million inhabitants.[7] The metropolitan area including the outer commuter zone is today covering a total area of 4,127 km², covering the Capital-Region and 103 surrounding municipalities, and has a population of almost 2.7 million.[2][3]

After the end of World War II, Brussels has been an important centre for international politics. It hosts the main institutions of the European Union, and the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Thus, Brussels is the polyglot home of many international organisations, diplomats and civil servants.[8] Brussels is the EU's third-richest city in terms of per capita income.[9]

Although historically Dutch-speaking, Brussels has become increasingly francophone. Today most inhabitants are native French-speakers, although both languages have official status.[10] This process has led to a longstanding conflict between the French and Dutch speaking community, reflecting the situation in Belgium at large.[8] Brussels is the capital of Flanders and of the French Community of Belgium.

The article above is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Brussels".