guide to Yosemite books

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Yosemite National Park (pronounced /joʊˈsɛmɨtiː/ yo-SEM-it-ee) is a national park located in the eastern portions of Tuolumne, Mariposa and Madera counties in east central California, United States. The park covers an area of 761,266 acres or 1,189 square miles (3,081 km²) and reaches across the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain chain.[1] Yosemite is visited by over 3.5 million people each year, many of whom only spend time in the seven square miles (18 km²) of Yosemite Valley.[2] Designated a World Heritage Site in 1984, Yosemite is internationally recognized for its spectacular granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear streams, Giant Sequoia groves, and biological diversity.[2] Almost 95% of the park is designated wilderness.[3] Although not the first designated national park, Yosemite was a focal point in the development of the national park idea, largely owing to the work of people like John Muir [4] and Galen Clark.

Yosemite is one of the largest and least fragmented habitat blocks in the Sierra Nevada, and the park supports a diversity of plants and animals. The park has an elevation range from 2,000 to 13,114 feet (600 to 4,000 m) and contains five major vegetation zones: chaparral/oak woodland, lower montane, upper montane, subalpine, and alpine. Of California's 7,000 plant species, about 50% occur in the Sierra Nevada and more than 20% within Yosemite. There is suitable habitat or documentation for more than 160 rare plants in the park, with rare local geologic formations and unique soils characterizing the restricted ranges many of these plants occupy.[2]

The geology of the Yosemite area is characterized by granitic rocks and remnants of older rock. About 10 million years ago, the Sierra Nevada was uplifted and then tilted to form its relatively gentle western slopes and the more dramatic eastern slopes. The uplift increased the steepness of stream and river beds, resulting in formation of deep, narrow canyons. About 1 million years ago, snow and ice accumulated, forming glaciers at the higher alpine meadows that moved down the river valleys. Ice thickness in Yosemite Valley may have reached 4,000 feet (1200 m) during the early glacial episode. The downslope movement of the ice masses cut and sculpted the U-shaped valley that attracts so many visitors to its scenic vistas today.[2]

Half Dome Wapama Falls Lake Eleanor O'Shaughnessy Dam Hetch Hetchy Reservoir Tuolumne River Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne Tuolumne Meadows Hetch Hetchy Bridalveil Fall El Capitan Nevada Falls Vernal Falls Illilouette Fall Liberty Cap Yosemite Falls Little Yosemite Valley Glacier Point Mariposa Grove Mount Clark - 11,522 ft Clark Range Heinrich C. Berann Mount Dana - 13,061 ft Tioga Pass Dana Meadows Lembert Dome North Dome Tenaya Lake Tenaya Canyon Cloud's Rest Merced River Ribbon Fall Yosemite Valley Tiltill Valley Cherry Lake Wawona Chilnualna Falls Sentinel Rock Tamarack Flat Porcupine Flat Badger Pass Ski Area Tioga Pass Road Matterhorn Peak - 12,244 ft Mount Gibbs - 12,773 ft Cathedral Peak - 10,940 ft Mount Lyell - 13,114 ft Mount Maclure - 12,694 ft Cathedral Range Mount Starr King - 9,092 ft

The article above is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yosemite".