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Fairbanks

Fairbanks (IPA: /ˈfɛrbæŋks/) is a Home Rule City in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States.

Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and second largest in the state behind Anchorage. It is the principal city of the 'Fairbanks, Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of the Fairbanks North Star Borough and is the northernmost Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States.

According to 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 34,540.[1] The population of Fairbanks and vicinity is 82,840[2]. Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the oldest college in Alaska.

Fairbanks was founded in August 1901 by Captain E.T. Barnette, who was trying to set up a trading post at Tanacross (where the Tanana River crossed the Valdez-Eagle trail). But the Lavelle Young, the steam boat which Barnette was aboard, ran aground and he was deposited seven miles up the Chena river. Smoke from the steamer's engines attracted some prospectors, and they met Barnette where he disembarked. The prospectors convinced Barnette to set up his trading post there.[3] The city is named after Charles Fairbanks, a Republican senator from Indiana and later the 26th vice president, serving in Theodore Roosevelt's second term.


The article above is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fairbanks".